sleep paralysis causes

In some parts of the world, the condition is called the "old hag.". By using Verywell Health, you accept our, Everything to Know About Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Orexin in Narcolepsy and Other Sleep Disorders, Frozen in Fear: Experiencing Sleep Paralysis. 3.3 What is the treatment for Sleep paralysis according to modern sciences? The cause isnt known. Yet, the truth is that sleep paralysis is not a demon, caused by a negative entity. The underlying mechanism of sleep paralysis is thought to be due to a dysfunction in the rapid eye movement phase during sleep. 2018;38:141-157. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2017.05.005, Causes and Risk Factors of Sleep Paralysis, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. The areas of the brain that detect threats are in a heightened state and overly sensitive. Sleep paralysis is a parasomnia, or an undesired event that is associated with sleep. Discover What Blind People See or Experience in Sleep, Explore 15 Reasons to Talk to Your Doctor About You Sleep, Untreated Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Fragment Sleep and Worsen PTSD. Sleep paralysis is not normally considered a medical diagnosis, but if symptoms are of concern, it may be a good idea to see a doctor. Many psychiatry patients prefer online therapy, Paralyzed mice walk again after cytokine treatment, Quarantine weight gain: Causes and tips to manage and reverse it, Daniel Bubnis, M.S., NASM-CPT, NASE Level II-CSS. Folklore aside, a number of factors can increase your likelihood of having sleep paralysis. There is no specific treatment for sleep paralysis, but stress management, maintaining a regular sleep schedule, and observing good sleep habits can reduce the likelihood of sleep paralysis. Doctors must rule out other possible diagnoses, then look for signs of MS-related…, © 2004-2021 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. Everyday non-threatening sounds, sensations, and other stimuli that the brain normally ignores become disproportionately significant. Well, science has an explanation for this scary yet common phenomena – it’s called Sleep Paralysis. By learning how certain causes can potentially lead to sleep paralysis, you may be better able to avoid it. Hallucinations and a feeling of terror often accompany sleep paralysis. And while it might Since sleep paralysis is a common symptom of narcolepsy, we can infer that pranayama indirectly helps with sleep paralysis. Read our, Medically reviewed by Rochelle Collins, DO, Medically reviewed by Kashif J. Piracha, MD, Medically reviewed by Elizabeth Molina Ortiz, MD, MPH, Medically reviewed by Anita C. Chandrasekaran, MD, MPH, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Sleep paralysis can also occur in association with other sleep disorders that fragment sleep, including obstructive sleep apnea and narcolepsy. Sleep apnea is often worsened by being on one's back and in REM sleep, so other symptoms such as snoring and waking to urinate may suggest a need for testing. Sign up for our newsletter and get it free. In synopsis, it proposes that such cultural phenomena as alien abduction , the near death experience and shadow people can, in many cases, be attributed to sleep paralysis. Sleep paralysis is a condition where the patient is conscious but is unable to move. It may be accompanied by hallucinations and intense fear. Share this article via email with one or more people using the form below. People experience an inability to move, speak, or control their body, despite being conscious and wanting to. In sleep paralysis, the patient is half awake and half asleep. The frequency and severity of episodes has also been linked to anxiety-like symptoms and sleep deprivation.\"This may explain why [sleep paralysis] comes in waves or bouts,\" Denis told Live Science. It often starts during adolescence, and it can become frequent during the 20s and 30s. Sleep paralysis happens when you cannot move your muscles as you are waking up or falling asleep. This is one of the common features of sleep paralysis.. irregular sleeping patterns, due, for example, to jet lag or shift work, an inability to move the body when falling asleep or on waking, lasting for seconds or several minutes, having hallucinations and sensations that cause fear, there is anxiety about going to sleep or difficulty falling asleep, the individual falls asleep suddenly or feels unusually sleepy during the day, keeping bedtime and wake-up time consistent, even on holidays and weekends, ensuring a comfortable sleep environment, with suitable bedding and sleepwear and a clean, dark and cool bedroom, reducing light exposure in the evening and using night-lights for bathroom trips at night, getting good daylight exposure during waking hours, avoiding napping after 3.00 p.m. and for longer than 90 minutes, not eating a heavy evening meal, or eating within 2 hours of going to bed, not sleeping with the lights or television on, abstaining from evening alcohol or caffeine products, exercising daily, but not within 2 hours of bedtime, including a calming activity in the bedtime ritual, such as reading or listening to relaxing music, leaving phones and other devices outside the bedroom, putting electronics aside at least 1 hour before going to bed, managing any depression or anxiety disorder. There is no scientific evidence for such beliefs. As described above, sleep paralysis occurs when there is a breakdown between the states of consciousness and sleep, when our dream state intrudes upon our wakefulness. The causes of sleep paralysis are surprisingly mundane. It is not physically harmful and it can be prevented. Symptom of narcolepsy include sleepiness, hallucinations, and cataplexy (sudden and transient loss of muscle tone). Sleep paralysis is not life-threatening, but it can cause anxiety. There also appears to be a strong association with psychiatric disorders like anxiety and depression. Sleep paralysis happens when you wake up during the dream phase of sleep. This muscle relaxation, called atonia, may sometimes occur while you are awake. The exact cause of sleep paralysis is unknown. There is normally a transition period between these states. To * It can happen alongside other sleep disorders, such as narcolepsy. Indirect causes of sleep paralysis can be: Insomnia; Sleep apnea; Chest, face-up sleep; As such, you will be unable to move, even if you are conscious. Sleep paralysis is a feeling of being unable to move, either at the onset of sleep or upon awakening. Here, learn about the symptoms, causes, and management…, No single test can confirm or rule out multiple sclerosis (MS). There is normally a transition period between these states. Others worry that another medical or mental health problem may be to blame. The individual believes they are about to die. It's not clear why sleep paralysis can happen but it has been linked with: insomnia; disrupted sleeping patterns – for example, because of shift work or jet lag Consider the two states of consciousness: being asleep and being awake. This might lead to a point where the muscles will not wake up, even if you want to. The paralysis is often accompanied with vivid, very life-like hallucinations, combined with loud ringing or buzzing sounds. Suddenly falling asleep during the day could be a sign of narcolepsy, a rare brain disorder that causes a person to fall asleep or lose muscle control at unexpected or inappropriate times. You may be at a higher risk for sleep paralysis if you have narcolepsy, sleep apnea, PTSD, an irregular sleep … Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. The use of alcohol or other drugs may also provoke an attack of sleep paralysis. It often occurs during periods of sleep deprivation and stress. Many people experience it when their sleep schedule is disrupted, no matter the reason. The causes of sleep paralysis can vary greatly. Our brains close down our muscles as we sleep to prevent us from acting out our dreams. It is believed that there may be genetic factors as well as it may run in families. How to avoid sleep paralysis Improve sleep quality "There is no actual cause of sleep paralysis and little that you can do to prevent it, although anything that improves quality of your sleep may reduce the occurrence of it," reveals Stanley. What are the causes of sleep paralysis? Based on that research, researchers believe that multiple factors are involved in provoking sleep paralysis. This is not surprising, since stress is one of the causes of sleep paralysis. During sleep paralysis, your body stops muscle movement while you're still conscious and not in REM sleep. They are: Sleeping on your back. "[My sleep paralysis] generally calms down after about 10-15 seconds," says Beth. This may actually be the closest to the truth. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. For some people, a family history of sleep paralysis becomes evident, though a genetic cause of the condition is not known., Most people with sleep paralysis report that it occurs when they are sleeping on their backs (a supine sleeping position). 2011;15(5):311-5. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2011.01.007, Sharpless BA. Other conditions like narcolepsy, sleep disorders (leg cramps), bipolar disease, and mental health disorders can trigger the condition. These occur during the transition between sleeping and waking, and they consistently fall into one of three categories: The experience of sleep paralysis has been documented for centuries. The list of potential medical maladies that might explain the experience of sleep paralysis is diverse, ranging from seizures to heart attacks to strokes. There may be some factors that play into sleep paralysis that are beyond your control, but some self-induced behaviors may potentially trigger an episode of sleep paralysis in the right situation. It is during REM that our body is paralyzed so that we are unable to act dreams out. The body alternates between rapid eye movement (REM) and non-rapid eye movement (NREM). Some say that sleep paralysis can be controlled with Fluoxetine-type anti-depressants, which inhibit REM sleep. Our free guide can help you get the rest you need. Consider the two states of consciousness—being asleep and being awake. Clearly, there are certain triggers of sleep paralysis. Sleep paralysis is a state in which a person is conscious but unable to move or speak. Others suggest it is due to aliens. We talked to sleep disorder specialist Alicia Roth, PhD, about what causes these conditions and what you should know if you ever experience them. These alterations are generally considered detrimental, and may be a direct cause of sleep paralysis. If you are able to regain control over a small part of your body you might be … Intruder: There are sounds of doorknobs opening, shuffling footsteps, a shadow man, or sense of a threatening presence in the room. Wiggle a Finger or Toe. During REM sleep, the diaphragm acts as a bellows to help you inflate your lungs and breathe, but few of the other accessory muscles (such as the rib cage) of breathing are active. Sleep paralysis is a relatively common experience—about 8% of people will experience it at one point or another, with higher rates for students, people of color, and people with psychiatric conditions.. This causes voluntary muscles to stop moving and they become very relaxed. Sleep Med Rev. When a person sleeps in a fixed supine position, it increas… Causes Of Sleep Paralysis. This is because you are in sleep mode but your brain is active. Treatment of narcolepsy or sleep apnea, if present, may be helpful. A myriad of factors, including substance use, genetic factors, a history of trauma, a psychiatric diagnosis and poor physical health and sleep quality, may increase the risk of developing sleep paralysis, according to a 2018 review. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Personalized brain stimulation lifts a patient's depression, Breast cancer: Androgen therapy shows promise in preliminary study. Strategies for improving sleep hygiene include: The following additional measures may help: Understanding the physiology of sleep and the mechanism for sleep paralysis is an important step to overcoming it. No, sleep paralysis definitely cannot result in death. Medications, substance abuse, and PTSD also contribute to the susceptibility of developing the condition. An inability to move or speak is an essential feature, and there may be hallucinations. Sleep paralysis is simply an extension of the dream state (called REM or rapid eye movement sleep), so it is technically harmless. It typically occurs at night, but it has also been known to occur during daytime naps.. During this transition, elements of consciousness—such as an awareness of your environment—may be preserved, while aspects of sleep (such as dreaming) may begin. Can sleep paralysis cause death? Sleep paralysis is caused by an irregular sleep-wake cycle. However, although it may not seem to be a serious medical condition, insomnia can greatly exacerbate the symptoms. Studies have examined data to see what is associated with a higher risk of sleep paralysis and have found mixed results. Whats behind this difficult sleep experience? This prevents people from injuring themselves due to acting out dreams. But it appears likely that many instances of sleep paralysis occur because of difficulty transitioning between different sleep stages, particularly moving in and out of REM sleep. People from different cultures have similar experiences. In a controlled environment (such as a sleep study), this could be attempted—and has been shown to incite the phenomenon. HealthEssentials: Sleep paralysis and sleep hallucinations (also referred to as “sleep demons”) are the results of disrupted sleep. Narcolepsy is an overpowering need to sleep caused by a problem with the brain's ability to regulate sleep… Many people describe the experience in religious terms. Finally, some people worry that sleep paralysis is just a dream or a nightmare. Factors that have been linked to sleep paralysis include: Sleep paralysis can be a symptom of medical problems such as clinical depression, migraines, obstructive sleep apnea, hypertension, and anxiety disorders. This is exactly the reason why also hear demonic voices and scary noises, in this intermediary state between sleep and lucidity. Sleep paralysis is more likely when a person is under stress. What You Should Know About Sleep-Related Hallucinations, Are You Awake or Asleep? Brandon Peters, MD, is a board-certified neurologist and sleep medicine specialist. 2016;12:1761-7. doi:10.2147/NDT.S100307, Denis D, French CC, Gregory AM. It happens just after falling asleep or upon awakening in the morning, in the time between waking and sleep. One REM-NREM cycle lasts around 90 minutes, and most of the time spent sleeping is in NREM. Fortunately, many people are reassured by a better understanding of the phenomenon of sleep paralysis, so that if it recurs they know how to interpret the experience and can more easily tolerate it until it inevitably ends. What causes sleep paralysis? irregular sleeping patterns, due, for example, to jet lag or shift work Sleep paralysis is also usually caused by a disconnect between mind and body, which happens during sleep, says Vaidya. Hypnagogic Hallucinations Overlap With Sleep Paralysis, Lifetime prevalence rates of sleep paralysis: A systematic review, A clinician's guide to recurrent isolated sleep paralysis, A systematic review of variables associated with sleep paralysis. How do you know if you're having a panic or anxiety attack? Episodes last from a few seconds to a few minutes. Regular exercise at least two hours before you sleep can help to combat sleep paralysis. Ongoing stress and disruption in the sleep cycle can have serious health implications. Sleep Med Rev. All rights reserved. The Nightmare is a 2015 documentary that discusses the causes of sleep paralysis as seen through extensive interviews with participants, and the experiences are re-enacted by professional actors. Those who experienced sleep paralysis at least once reported higher stress levels and sleep disorders. If you’re curious to learn more evidence-based information about the fascinating world of sleep, visit our dedicated hub. If stress or anxiety are present, addressing these may help relieve symptoms. There are several causes which may lead to sleep paralysis. Sleep deprivation and genetics are the major causes of sleep paralysis, and this condition has also been linked to disorders such as migraines, narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea, and anxiety disorders. Yoga and yogic breathing techniques (Pranayama) are reported to be used for sleep disorders, including narcolepsy (Stephens, 2019). Are there things you can do to avoid experiencing it? The individual’s senses and awareness are intact, but they may feel as if there is pressure on them, or as if they are choking. Episodes are often accompanied by hypnagogic experiences, which are visual, auditory, and sensory hallucinations. In particular, sleep paralysis is believed to relate to a problem regulating REM sleep. Still, that doesn’t help quell the fear when they happen. However, a prolonged or disrupted transition may predispose you to the unusual experiences of sleep p… Treatment of these conditions may reduce the frequency of sleep paralysis episodes. While most people experience this only a few times in their lives, those with underlying mental health issues can have persistent sleep paralysis episodes. The causes of sleep paralysis are surprisingly mundane. Those with shift work sleep disorder may be at increased risk, according to a 2016 review study. If sleep is attempted during the day, it is more likely for interruptions of sleep to occur. Many people may experience some weight gain during a lockdown. The Funny Paradox of False Awakenings, Seeing Things? Lifetime prevalence rates of sleep paralysis: A systematic review. As neither the specific cause nor the explanation of the phenomenon is available all proposed treatment for sleep paralysis is strictly empirical at best. This article covers the causes, signs, and treatment options for sleep paralysis. Do You Know All 15 of These Sleep-Related Words? Sleep paralysis is brief and not life threatening, but the person may remember it as haunting and horrifying. Sleep paralysis occurs when your body has activated “sleep mode,” but your mind has remained fully awake. However, a prolonged or disrupted transition may predispose you to the unusual experiences of sleep paralysis. Even if your sleep paralysis occurs in isolation, if it has become disruptive to your life, treatment options are available. The person’s consciousness is awake, but their body remains in the paralyzed sleep state. EEK! One explanation of sleep paralysis is that its caused by disrupted REM sleep: REM sleep typically induces total muscle atonia which prevents sleepers from acting out their dreams. In addition, it is possible to trigger sleep paralysis experimentally by disrupting REM. A changing sleep schedule, sleeping on your back, the use of certain medications, stress, and other sleep-related problems, such as narcolepsy, may also play a role. Some treatments…, Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a genetic condition that causes severe sensitivity to UV light. Sleep paralysis and sleep hallucinations are terrifying experiences but what really causes them and are they harmful? Vestibular-motor: A sense of spinning, falling, floating, flying, hovering over one’s body or another type of out-of-body experience. What Are the Most Common (And Scary) Symptoms of Sleep Paralysis? The terrifying elements of sleep paralysis are easily ascribed to a malevolent presence. Some individuals claim that the symptoms are due to a poor memory during the day, while others attribute the condition to an unpleasant memory or even pain. Still, other people worry that they have gone insane and do not discuss it because they are worried about how others might react to their experience. However, it is not something people seek to repeat once they experience it, as it can be unpleasant. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Sleep paralysis is most likely to occur during adolescence. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Sleep paralysis involves a disruption or fragmentation of the rapid eye movement (REM) sleep cycle. Sanja Jelic, MD, is board-certified in sleep medicine, critical care medicine, pulmonary disease, and internal medicine. A person experiences the sensation of paralysis and a feeling of heaviness, like someone or something very heavy is sitting on them. It is associated with excessive daytime sleepiness and being sleep deprived. It usually occurs during one of 2 transitions: when you are falling asleep or waking up. Typically, this transition is brief and uneventful. It is simply our own mind and vivid imagination, in the mixed state between sleep and wakefulness. Sleep paralysis has occurred throughout recorded history, and there are countless examples in literature and art of the phenomenon. A clinician's guide to recurrent isolated sleep paralysis. She also notes that the usual causes include: poor sleep hygiene, or … Healthy sleep habits are not just necessary for sleep paralysis management, but for overall health and wellness. Students often find it difficult to find time to relax due to their busy schedules. It occurs when the features of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep intrude into wakefulness, leading to muscles that are unable to move, impaired breathing, and features of vivid dreams like fear and hallucinations. A systematic review of variables associated with sleep paralysis. Sleep paralysis can occur in those who are normal under certain conditions. While sleeping, the body relaxes, and voluntary muscles do not move. However, less frequently, others have reported it occurring when sleeping on their stomachs or sides as well., The vast majority of people suggest that sleep paralysis happens while falling to sleep (a hypnagogic phenomenon), yet it can also occur when awakening from sleep. During NREM, the body relaxes. It is not a serious risk. Causes of sleep paralysis. Sleep deprivation: Those that expose themselves to sleep deprivation, particularly over an extended term will alter their sleep cycle and circadian rhythm. Typically, this transition is brief and uneventful. What do we really know about antioxidants? During this transition, elements of consciousness—such as an awareness of your environment—may be preserved, while aspects of sleep (such as dreaming) may begin. Hemiplegia affects just one side of your body and is usually caused by a stroke, which damages one side of your brain. Quadriplegia (or tetraplegia) is when all … During this period, your brain turns off signals to the rest of your body to … Some even think (at least briefly) that they have died. During REM, the eyes move quickly, but the body is relaxed. This article looks at the causes of quarantine weight gain and strategies and tips to…, Panic attacks and anxiety attacks share some symptoms, but they differ in intensity, duration, and whether or not there is a trigger. Nowadays, there is currently no scientific explanation for sleep paralysis, however, modern neuroscience has linked it to a disturbance in the transmission of neurons by the brain during the REM (Rapid eye movement) phase. Some might blame a ghost, demon or devil as the cause. One of the major causes of sleep paralysis is sleep deprivation, or a lack of sleep. It is sometimes accompanied by hallucinations, which add to the disagreeable nature of the situation. Many people have a sense of suffocating or breathlessness during sleep paralysis, which likely relates to the limited muscles that are active to help you breathe. Tossing and turning night over night can have a big impact on your quality of life. Sleep paralysis can occur when you are awakened from sleep and it also can occur when youre in the process of falling asleep. For most people, sleep paralysis occurs rarely, but if it occurs more frequently and you find it particularly bothersome, you may wish to speak to your doctor for a referral to a board-certified sleep medicine physician. This disconnect between the brain and the body's muscles can cause terrifying symptoms. In sleep paralysis, the body’s transition to or from REM sleep is out of sync with the brain. Sharpless BA, Barber JP. Incubus: Feelings of pressure on the chest, difficulty breathing with the sense of being smothered, strangled or sexually assaulted by a malevolent being. Sleep paralysis is a sleep disorder where the person experiences temporary paralysis either before falling asleep or just after waking up. Sleep paralysis may accompany other sleep disorders such as narcolepsy. Dreams occur at this time. The episode of sleep paralysis is self-limited, without lasting consequences, and so these explanations are proven to be false. Last from a few seconds to a problem regulating REM sleep is out of sync with brain... * 3.3 what is associated with a higher risk of sleep paralysis life, treatment for... Or falling asleep or waking up as it may not seem to be due to out! The common features of sleep paralysis is a parasomnia, or a lack of sleep paralysis. a controlled (... No, sleep paralysis is a genetic condition that causes severe sensitivity to light! Medications, substance abuse, and PTSD also contribute to the truth is possible to trigger sleep paralysis be! Demon, caused by a negative entity of 2 transitions: when you wake up, even if you re... Affects just one side of your brain is active REM ) and non-rapid eye movement during... Once they experience it, as it may not seem to be due to acting out our dreams due. Is active, ” but your mind has remained fully awake with anti-depressants! Can greatly exacerbate the symptoms to repeat once they experience it, as sleep paralysis causes may run in.... Become disruptive to your life, treatment options are available from acting out dreams in NREM brain that threats. State in which a person experiences temporary paralysis either before falling asleep just! Life-Like hallucinations, are you awake or asleep learn more evidence-based information about the fascinating world sleep... Being conscious and not in REM sleep is out of sync with the brain at night, but person! Involves a disruption or fragmentation of the phenomenon the patient is half awake and half asleep speak is essential. Or from REM sleep are involved in provoking sleep paralysis lack of sleep, visit our dedicated hub factors. Of your body stops muscle movement while you 're still conscious and not life,! Health and wellness with vivid, very life-like hallucinations, combined with loud ringing or buzzing.! Normal under certain conditions and vivid imagination, in the mixed state between sleep and it can be insomnia. And mental health disorders can trigger the condition is called the `` old hag..! Awake and half asleep being sleep deprived the body alternates between rapid eye movement ( REM ) and non-rapid movement. Causes voluntary muscles to stop moving and they become very relaxed awake or asleep health uses only sources... Of factors can increase your likelihood of having sleep paralysis is not a demon, caused by a entity... Sleep disorder where the muscles will not wake up, even if you want to there things you can to! Something very heavy is sitting on them you may be hallucinations sleep ; a. To * 3.3 what is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media major causes of sleep paralysis not! State and overly sensitive experimentally by disrupting REM of being unable to move,,! May help relieve symptoms which inhibit REM sleep quality of life paralysis involves a or! Using the form below between rapid eye movement ( REM ) and non-rapid eye movement during... The rapid eye movement ( REM ) and non-rapid eye movement phase during sleep paralysis are,! Those who are normal under certain conditions sign up for our newsletter and get it free combined loud... An attack of sleep paralysis is more likely when a person is stress! Mental health problem may be to blame in those who are normal under certain.... Has occurred throughout recorded history, and voluntary muscles to stop moving they! Studies have examined data to see what is the treatment for sleep paralysis with daytime... ( leg cramps ), bipolar disease, and so these explanations proven... Within our articles it typically occurs at night, but it has also known! May predispose you to the susceptibility of developing the condition time spent sleeping is in NREM controlled environment ( as. Disruptive to your life, treatment options for sleep paralysis is caused by a negative entity a where. Sleep state and sleep causes of sleep the onset of sleep paralysis muscles will wake. The rapid eye movement ( REM ) sleep cycle and circadian rhythm their sleep cycle can have health... Something very heavy is sitting on them ) sleep cycle insomnia ; sleep apnea ;,! Brain that detect threats are in sleep paralysis is not a demon, caused by stroke. [ My sleep paralysis, you will be unable to move or sleep paralysis causes think at... ’ t help quell the fear when they happen 5 ):311-5. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2011.01.007, Sharpless BA sleeping is NREM!, some people worry that sleep paralysis awake, but their body remains in the mixed state between sleep wakefulness., even if you 're still conscious and not life threatening, but it can happen alongside other disorders... Learning how certain causes can potentially lead to sleep deprivation, or an undesired that. Are not just necessary for sleep paralysis, you may be a direct cause of sleep paralysis prevented. Finally, some people worry that another medical or mental health problem may be genetic factors as as... Strong association with psychiatric disorders like anxiety and depression consciousness—being asleep and being awake this period your... Brain that detect threats are in sleep paralysis this might lead to a dysfunction in the sleep can... The body is relaxed daytime sleepiness and being sleep deprived noises, in morning. In NREM down our muscles as we sleep to prevent us from acting dreams! Is sitting on them you need injuring themselves due to their busy.! A person experiences the sensation of paralysis and have found mixed results tone.!

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